Arctic Fox Fact sheet


Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidea
Genus: Alopex
Species: Lagopus
Sub-species: Bering Iceland (arctic fox)
Life-span: 7 - 10 years in the wild; Approximately 16 years in human care
Gestation: About 52 days
Number of young at birth: Average is 5 to 8 but up to 15 kits
Age of maturity: 9 to 10 months
Size:  70cm - 110cm (28 - 43in)
Weight: Largest - with males up to 7 - 20 lbs
Weight: Smallest - with females, 3 - 7 lbs

Come visit Echo & Luna located in the Norco Aviary. 


  • Arctic foxes can be found on any land north of the Arctic Circle, across from Canada to Russia, Europe, Greenland, and Iceland. They are usually found in arctic tundra and usually stay in the coastal region
  • Arctic fox fur changes seasonally. In the winter, they sport fluffy white coats that blend into the snow; in the summer they shed these coats for brownish or grayish, shorter fur that helps them camouflage into bare rocks and dirt.
  • Arctic foxes are opportunistic omnivores and very curious. They will eat almost anything. While they prefer to hunt and catch small animals, they will also consume insects, fruit, and even carrion.
  • Arctic foxes are monogamous, meaning they mate for life. 
  • They can have two litters in a season and will emerge from the den at about four weeks old, staying with the male and learning to hunt.
  • In their home in the arctic tundra, food can be scarce. Because of this, arctic foxes will eat almost anything, including rodents, birds, insects, and even carrion! In the summer months when food is plentiful, they will hide extra food under rocks to sustain them in the winter.
  • Diet at the zoo: Mice, chicks, fruits, vegetables, greens, and canine chow
  • Conservation Status: Least concern