Fennec Fox Fact Sheet

Class: Mammalia 


Family: Canidae


Species: zerda
Life span:

10 years old in the wild; 12 years under human care


50-53 days

Number of young at birth:


Age of maturity:

6-9 months 


12 to 16 in


2 to 3.3 lbs 

Size at birth:

About 1.8 oz

Sahara and Zorro will be on exhibit summer of 2016!


  • Have the largest ears relative to body size of any canid.  The ears reach lengths of up to six inches and act as radiators, allowing the fox to regulate its body temperature in the hot dessert.
  • Range: Sahara region of north Africa and the Arabian Peninsula
  • Habitat: Arid desert regions
  • Diet: fruit, seeds, eggs, termites and lizards
  • Diet: rodents, birds, eggs, lizards and insects
  • Small canid with a sandy color coat.  Provides camouflage and protection from cold desert nights
  • Feet have hairy soles to protect them from hot sand
  • May share an extensive burrow system with up to 12 other individuals
  • Communication: high pitched yelp, low quiet growl
  • Nocturnal: hides from heat in sand burrows during the day