Transvaal Lion Fact Sheet

 

Class:
Mammalia
Order:
Carnivora
Family:
Felidae
Genus:
Panthera
Species:
leo
Subspecies:
krugeri
Life span:
10 years in the wild
up to 20 under human care
Gestation:
Almost 4 months
Age of maturity:
3 – 4 years
Size:
Females: 4.6 – 5.7 ft long
Males: 5.6 – 8.3 ft long
Tail length:
27 – 41 in.
Weight:
Females: 270 – 400 lb
Males: 330 – 570 lb
Size at birth:
3 lb
Habitat: Grassy plains, savannas, open woodlands, and scrubland
Range: Africa and Asia

 

Fun Facts:

  • The Swahili word for lion, simba, also means “King,” “strong,” and “aggressive”

  • Lions live in large social groups called “prides.”  A pride can have 3 to 30 lions and is made up of lionesses (mothers, sisters and cousins), and their cubs, along with a few unrelated adult males.

  • Unrelated males stay with the pride for a few months or a few years, while the older lionesses stay for life.

  • Lionesses are more agile and faster than males.

  • Hunting at dusk and dawn, lionesses work together to hunt and also help rear the cubs.

  • Males patrol, mark and guard the pride’s territory.

  • Males guard and take care of the cubs while lionesses are hunting.

  • A lion’s life is filled with sleeping, napping and resting totaling up to 21 hours!

  • Lions are good climbers and often rest in trees, perhaps to catch a cool breeze or to get away from flies.

  • Male lions are able to roar at about one-year old and females can roar a few months later.

 

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