Transvaal Lion Fact Sheet

Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: leo
Subspecies krugeri
Life span: 10 years in the wild; up to 20 under human care
Gestation: Almost 4 months
Age of maturity: 3 to 4 years
Size: Females are 4.6 to 5.7 ft long; males are 5.6 to 8.3 ft long
Tail length: 27 to 41 in
Weight: Females are 270 to 400 lbs; males are 330 to 570 lbs
Size at birth: 3 lbs

Come visit Aslan and Azizi in Big Cat Canyon.


  • From Africa and Asia
  • Live in grassy plains, savannas, open woodlands, and scrubland
  • The Swahili word for lion, simba, also means “King,” “strong,” and “aggressive”
  • Lions live in large social groups called “prides.”  A pride can have 3 to 30 lions and is made up of lionesses (mothers, sisters and cousins), and their cubs, along with a few unrelated adult males.
  • Unrelated males stay with the pride for a few months or a few years, while the older lionesses stay for life.
  • Lionesses are more agile and faster than males
  • Hunting at dusk and dawn, lionesses work together to hunt and also help rear the cubs
  • Males patrol, mark and guard the pride’s territory
  • Males guard and take care of the cubs while lionesses are hunting
  • A lion’s life is filled with sleeping, napping and resting totaling up to 21 hours!
  • Lions are good climbers and often rest in trees, perhaps to catch a cool breeze or to get away from flies
  • Male lions are able to roar at about one-year old and females can roar a few months later