Kenya Sand Boa Fact Sheet

Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Boidae
Genus: Gongylophis
Species: colubrinus
Life span:

Unknown in the wild; Up to 20 years under human care

Egg Gestation:

Females give birth to live young after 4 months

Number of young at birth:


Age of maturity: 2-3 years 

Females are larger than males. Females reach lengths up to 32 in while males only reach 15 in




  • Live in arid to semi-arid regions of East Africa – Egypt to south Tanzania, Southwest Somalia west to Kenya.
  • Alternating orange and brown colors running down its back.  The species is sexually dimorphic, meaning males and females differ in appearance. 
  • Not much is known about this species because it spends about 80 percent of its life buried in the sand. 
  • Rarely strikes or bites
  • Head is shaped like shovel in order to burrow in the sand.