African Penguin Fact Sheet

 

Class:
Aves
Order:
Sphenisciform  
Family:
Spheniscidae
Genus:
Spheniscus
Species:
demersus
Lifespan:
Up to 20 years
Up to 20 – 25 years under human care
Gestation:
Eggs are incubated for 5 weeks by both parents.
Number of Young:
Usually 2 – 3 eggs are laid at almost any time of the year. It is not common for all offspring to survive.
Size:
45 – 70 cm
Weight:
2 – 5 kg
Reproduction:
African penguins have one mate for several breeding seasons and even up to 10 years.
Range:
The coast and islands of Southwestern Africa, in Namibia and South Africa.
Habitat:
Coastlines. Spend most of day in water and cool nights on land. 
Diet:
Eat mainly sardines but also squid, anchovies and other small animals. 
Description:
There are white patches ventrally and laterally on the cranium, as well as a ventral white patch on the body. There is a black horseshoe-shaped band running around their chest, and they also have a horseshoe-shaped white band that goes around the eye from the chin towards the beak.

 

Fun Facts:

  • African penguins live in a much warmer environment than Antartic penguins, with mean low temperatures of 6ºC (43ºF).

  • African penguins can remain under water 14 seconds for every second that they spend taking a breath and can dive to depths of 427 feet. 

 

Download our African Penguin Conservation booklet!

 

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